Category Archives: wildflower

Summertime and the living is ….. a bit frenetic

I’m delving into the classics now.  Over the last weekend, the weather had turned lovely again and we had a wave of guests.  There were a lot of mouths to feed and a desire from us to showcase GYO. When it comes to desserts it’s easy; one’s thoughts turn to summer puddings and fruit fools.

This is when soft fruit comes into its own, red and black currants; raspberries and gooseberries.  Delia provided the summer pudding fruit ratios, (though I found the 7 slices not enough to line my bowl), Nigel Slater, the gooseberry fool recipe, (no pictures of the puddings, sadly, as I was too busy).

Of course, this was the point at which I realised that there is a bit of a gap in our red berry category.  Yes, we’re good on redcurrants, plenty there, however our strawberries had finished by the first week of July and our autumn raspberries have just started to set fruit.  We’ve not grown summer fruiting raspberries for a number of years, as I always found them to be a bit disappointing.  Sadly, we didn’t have any cherries as we hadn’t got round to netting.  The birds have feasted well.

I had to nip to the shop for raspberries.

To avoid this in future summers, I’ve been investigating late season strawberries, fruit that will crop into late July and perhaps even August.  Some of the newer varieties seem to fit the bill.  I’ve plumped on Florence from East Malling, (always good to see that this emminent research station is still producing the goods), so I’ll place an order for 50 runners this autumn.

I did an amble along the field boundaries; the shelter belt is bulking up nicely and the brambles in the hedgerow are full of insects.

It definitely pays to be a bit lax towards the edges of the garden.

 

 

 

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ever and ever, forever and ever…

Ahhh, Demis Roussos.  The sound of 1970s summers.  That’ll be a earworm now.

In fact, I’m thinking about perennials and specifically the perennials in our wildflower border.  The first year the verge along our track was a riot of cornfield annuals (see below).

Some of these, such as the corn marigold and cornflower haven’t put in an appearance this second year, in spite of us diligently sowing collected seed as well as leaving seed to fall in situ.  Even so, we still have good showings of annuals such as the corn chamomile, poppies, and the corn cockle.

However, this year it’s the perennials that have caught my eye.  They’re not as showy as the annuals but these should come back year on year. Most prolific have been the campions, red, Silene dioica, and white, Silene latifolia.  The red campion started flowering back in April and is just coming to the end.

I’m collecting seed pods and shaking them into the wildflower strip in the orchard as the campion is meant to be quite tenacious; I’m hoping it will take.

The plantains have also put on a good show, as have the yarrows, Achillea millefolium.  The latter come in soft pink and white marshmallow colours. The common knapweed, Centaurea nigra, is also making an appearance now.

In amongst, we have a scatter of birdsfoot trefoil, Lotus corniculatus, musk mallow, Malva moschata,

and the great mullein, Verbascum thapsus, though these were made short work of by the mullein moth.

The dyer’s rocket, Reseda luteola, looks spectacular this year, but it is biennial so I need to make sure I save seed from this,

and we have a few bits of Lady’s bedstraw, Galium verum,

There are so many different grasses; I need to buff up my grass identification skills as I have no idea what the different species are.

We managed to get some germination from our collected seed in our trial wildflower strip in the orchard, there are some strong patches amongst the grazing grass, however, most exciting has been the appearance of yellow rattle.  This seed came from a local meadow.

Yellow rattle is semi parasitic and weakens grass.  Whilst it is an annual, the hope is that it will set seed throughout the orchard, suppress the growth of the predominant rye grass, and allow us to increase the diversity of wildflower species.

I might not have many cultivated flowers, we are still preparing the ground, (15 tonnes of compost will be delivered next week), but I can still pick a jug of sweet peas from the vegetable plot every other day.

 

 

 

 

 

 

always time for tea…

Come the beginning of summer, one’s thoughts turn to afternoon tea.  The weather is not too hot, not too cold and the breeze is balmy.  In truth, I was helped on my thought journey by watching ‘The Durrells,’ followed by ‘Mary Berry Cooks’ on catch up, whilst doing the ironing.  The wind is still quite blustery round here.

Oh, the fabulous 1930s clothes, all gorgeous prints and georgette pin tucked shirts, (Durrells, not Mary Berry – though she’s no slouch in the dress department), and Mary baking up a storm as well as visiting an estate in Cornwall, (Tregothnan), that has a tea plantation. Watching the clip on Tregothnan, I’ve been captivated by the idea of growing my own.  I am a dyed-in-the-wool tea drinker, (must be leaf, thank you).  I might track down a few Camellia sinensis var. sinensis bushes for the kitchen garden, they’re meant to be quite tough plants.  They need acidic soil conditions, so perhaps in a pot.  I can put them with the blueberries.

In the meantime, we have a glut of strawberries, so in homage to afternoon tea, I’ve hauled out the preserving pan and pectin sugar for a spot of jam making a la Mary Berry’s recipe.

As it’s jam not a conserve, it’s a 1:1 ratio fruit to sugar, and I’ve used jam sugar, which has added pectin to help the set of low pectin fruit like strawberries.

So here’s MB’s method:

1 kg strawberries, with the juice of a lemon, softened over a low heat.  Then 1 kg sugar in, stirred until it dissolves, boil 5-6 minutes, check using the wrinkle method, leave for 10 minutes then stir to evenly distribute the fruit. Ladle into sterilised jars.  Done, all ready for scones.

As well as tea, I can serve up some refreshing elderflower cordial… I just need the cucumbers to hurry up growing for the finger sandwiches!

 

 

a cordial relationship…

I’m a hit and miss forager.  I might set out a few times a year when a particular hedgerow crop is in season.  Blackberries absolutely, rowan and crab apples occasionally, mushrooms never. However when the harvest in question is on your doorstep, in fact, right next to the lean to cowshed, then it pays to set aside a little time to indulge in some foraging.

The elderflower, Sambucus nigra, has been in flower for some weeks, and I’ve been intending to make cordial for a while. May came and went and June has been too wet so far for picking.  It’s best to gather the flowerheads on the morning of a sunny day, because it’s the pollen that imparts the delicious flavour.  So you don’t want wet flowerheads where the pollen has been washed away, but leave it too late on a sunny day and the insects have taken all the pollen.  Speaking of which, it’s best not to shake the heads to remove insects as this shakes off the pollen.  I find most insects drop to the bottom of the bowl anyway.  This morning was warm and sunny so off I went with a big bowl and picked 25 or so heads of newly opened flowers.

To the heads I’ve added the zest of 3 lemons and one orange plus 1.5 litres of boiling water.  I’ve covered the bowl and this can steep for the next 24 hours. Tomorrow I’ll strain add 1kg of sugar and the juice from the citrus fruit and warm through until the sugar has dissolved.  A quick simmer and then bottled.  The cordial will keep for a few weeks in the fridge or can be decanted into ice cube trays and frozen.  Added to sparkling water, the cordial makes a thirst quenching drink,  or to G&T, vodka and tonic or prosecco for an elegant sundowner.

A classic pairing with the elderflower is gooseberry, and the fruit on our bushes is starting to ripen…

I’m thinking elderflower and gooseberry fool, elderberry and gooseberry icecream, elderflower infused gooseberry puree with yoghurt, an elderflower panna cotta with gooseberry compote perhaps.

In the meantime we have plenty of strawberries to pick.

may flies…

May has ended.  It was a month of lots of lovely summery weather and enough rain so as not to feel the pressure of watering the vegetable patches.   From now on we will have plenty of produce gluts from the garden.

We have been picking salads and herbs from the polytunnel since the end of April. I’ll add peppery nastursium leaves and turnip thinnings to tonight’s salad bowl.

Along with succession sowing and planting out, I have been pinching out the side shoots on the cordon tomatoes and removing the lower leaves up to the first truss.

In the heat of the polytunnel, scent volatiles fill the air.  I only discovered this year what a lovely perfume broad bean flowers have.  Having moved the plantings to the far end of the tunnel I was concerned that the bees wouldn’t find the plants.  I shouldn’t have worried.  The pollinators have been hard at work alongside me.  I’m always amazed to see the formation of the pods on the broadbeans.  These tiny beans along with the season first garden peas will be added to a spring risotto – tonight’s supper.

Working in the tunnel is a delight.  I often run my hands through the herbs for a free aromatherapy session – variations on dill, rosemary, thyme and sage. The sweet basil is starting to come through and I have been pinching out the tops of the pot sown Basil ‘Aristotle’ to garnish the risotto.

I have been thinning the peaches and apricots and the gooseberries are fattening.  We already need to think about preserving the abundance – kept in oil, artichoke hearts make a lovely antipasti…

and I shall gather some heads of the elderflower to make a cordial.

Summer is here.

 

times they are a changin…

and I’m not just talking about the weather, though it was a relief to have the rain over recent days.

Well, it was a different story a week back.  Lots of glorious sunshine, which was timely.  As the lovely OH and I get older it means that we have to find ways to reduce the ‘graft’ on the holding.  I’ve been reading a number of Charles Dowding’s books and we’ve decided to move towards a ‘no-dig’ approach.

First up this year is using mulches for earthing up potatoes instead of soil, because if there is one thing we don’t have any shortage of here is grass.

The first and second early potatoes were planted a few weeks ago in about 4 inches in soil which I topped up with another 4 inches of old hay.  Charles Dowding prefers to use compost to mound up rather than hay or grass as his experience is that the latter attract too many slugs. We shall see.

The main crop potatoes went in more recently and in addition to using up our old bales we are applying grass clippings.  The lovely OH cut the grass in a number of locations which I then gathered up

and spread over the main crop planting area.   As the haulms emerge we will earth up with more grass clippings.  Hopefully the harvesting of the potatoes will be easier and the mulch should suppress weeds and help to conserve soil moisture and thereby reduce watering. We hope.

Since those sunny days, we have been away and it’s quite astonishing the amount of growth that has happened whilst the rain fell.  We have come back to an abundance of greenery. Even the indoor sowings of corn, french and runner beans have all sprouted away like triffids. Amongst all the green lushness, the first poppies have appeared  in the wildflower verge, their colour standing out as bright as a fifties starlet’s lipstick.

It’s good to be back home.

 

 

cabbage is king…

I’m a big convert to cabbage, particularly Cavolo nero, (black kale).

It’s a very versatile vegetable.  We use the young leaves in salads and the longer crinkly ones in, well just about anything, from soup, stews, as a side dish and, the other day, in a kale and pancetta flan served with a good handful of our juicy rocket leaves.

I have plenty of seedlings ready to be planted out – lucky then that the lovely OH has finished weeding the brassica tunnel as well as spending time on pollarding some of the goat willow and weaving a retaining wall.  The wall will support the soil until the hornbeam hedge has established enough to knit the slope.

In between sowing and planting out….

I’m still trying to identify the perennials in the wildflower verge…

and I’m completely enthralled by the tulips ‘Brown Sugar’ and ‘Comet’.  I can’t wait for ‘Ballerina’ to complete the trio, (all have a lovely scent as well).